Perbandingan Perkembangan Motorik Anak Usia 1-3 Tahun dengan Berat Badan Kurang Pendek dan Tidak Pendek

Yudi Arimba Wani, Hamam Hadi

Abstract


Antioksidan merupakan salah satu zat gizi yang dapat menurunkan mual dan muntah. Antioksidan ini dapat ditemukan pada bahan makanan seperti jahe, kacang kedelai, dan kacang hijau. Bahan makanan tersebut dapat dikonsumsi dalam bentuk minuman fungsional. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui aktivitas antioksidan pada minuman fungsional berbasis jahe dan kacang-kacangan yang dapat membantu mengatasi mual dan muntah. Desain dari penelitian ini adalah eksploratif deskriptif. Sampel pada penelitian ini yaitu 16 formula yang didapatkan dengan metode d-optimal Mixture Design pada software Design Expert 7®. Software design expert ini mampu menentukan proporsi sari jahe, sari kacang hijau, dan sari kacang kedelai. Aktivitas antiosidan diukur menggunakan metode DPPH yang disajikan dalam bentuk nilai aktivitas antioksidan IC50. IC50 didefinisikan sebagai konsentrasi antioksidan yang dapat menangkap 50% radikal bebas DPPH. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa nilai aktivitas antioksidan IC50 formula 1 hingga 16 adalah 109,20; 104,08; 102,66; 147,88; 99,42; 129,89; 132,53; 115,87; 136,94; 109,78; 139,78; 99,33; 102,26; 135,46; 116,07; 120,45 mg/ml. Semakin kecil nilai IC50 menunjukkan bahwa aktivitas antioksidannya semakin baik. Terdapat perbedaan aktivititas antioksidan yang signifikan dari 16 formula (p = 0,0048).  Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini yaitu terdapat aktivitas antioksdan pada formula minuman fungsional berbahan dasar jahe dan kacang-kacangan sebesar 99,33 mg/ml hingga147,88 mg/ml.   

Kata kunci: aktivitas antioksidan; mual; muntah;  minuman fungsional

Abstract

Antioxidant is one of the nutrients that can reduce nausea and vomiting. It can be found in ginger, soy bean, and green beand. They can be consumed as functional drinks. This study aimed to determine the antioxidant activity on functional drinks based on ginger and beans that can reduce nausea and vomiting. Sample in this study is 16 formula which got by d-optimal Mixture Design method in software Design Expert 7®. That design was used to decide the proportion of ginger extract, green bean extract, and soybean extract. Antioxidant activity was measured by DPPH. It was dercribed by IC50 score of antioxidant activity. Result of this research showed that IC50 Score of antioxdant activity formula 1-16 were 109.20; 104.08; 102.66; 147.88; 99.42; 129.89; 132.53; 115.87; 136.94; 109.78; 139.78; 99.33; 102.26; 135.46; 116.07; 120.45 mg/ml respectively. The smaller score of IC50 indicated that antioxidant activity was better than the higher score.  Statistical analysis indicated a significant different (p < 0,005) on antioxidant activity among formulas (p = 0,0048). From this study could be concluded there were antioxidant activity in ginger formula about 99.33 mg/ml until 147.88 mg/ml.

Keywords: antioxidant activity; nausea; vomiting; functional drink


Keywords


perkembangan motorik, berat badan kurang, pendek, anak batita

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21776/ub.ijhn.2018.005.01.4

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