Indonesian Journal of Human Nutrition <p><strong>Indonesian Journal of Human Nutrition</strong> (IJHN) is a research scientific journal in the field of human nutrition published by the Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia. This journal is published twice a year (<strong>July and December</strong>). <strong>IJHN</strong> has been registered with<strong> ISSN</strong> Numbers <a title="issn" href=""><strong>2442-6636</strong></a> (print) and<a title="issn print" href=""><strong> 2355-3987</strong></a> (online).</p> Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Brawijaya Malang en-US Indonesian Journal of Human Nutrition 2442-6636 <a href="" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a><br />This work is licensed under a <br /><a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License</a> Peer Tutoring on Fish and Vegetables-Based Diet Education to Prevent Anemia and Hypoalbuminemia in Adolescents <p>Early detection of nutritional problems is a vital skill for individuals as it enables timely prevention before any symptoms arise. This skill can be fostered through enhancing knowledge, practicing skills via educational activities and mentoring, and seeking support from peers who share similar challenges. This study aims to investigate the impact of peer tutoring on the development of a balanced menu and healthy snack consumption based on fish and vegetables among 11th-grade female students at a state high school in Singosari, Malang Regency. This study examined the effect of these interventions on the intake of energy, protein, and iron among the participants. Data were gathered by collecting food consumption data using the 24-hour food recall method and measurement of weight, height, Hb, and Albumin levels. The study employed a purposive sampling technique by conducting pretest, intervention, and post-test. The results showed significant improvements in the health indicators of the participants, including knowledge, intake, Hb, and Albumin levels (p=0.000; α=0.005). These findings demonstrate the potential of education and mentoring through peer tutoring in promoting healthy eating habits and preventing nutrition-related problems among female adolescents.</p> <p> </p> Annasari Mustafa Endang Widajati Farida Halis Khairuddin Khairuddin Copyright (c) 2023 2023-07-06 2023-07-06 10 1 68 76 10.21776/ub.ijhn.2023.010.01.8 In Vitro Evaluation of Cytotoxicity Effect of Ihau Fruit Extract (Dimocarpus longan var. Malesianus Leenh.) on MCF-7 Breast Cancer Cell Line <p>Cancer prevalence is steadily increasing each year and becomes the second leading cause of death worldwide. In Indonesia, breast cancer had a prevalence of 16.7% in 2018. Free radicals contribute to the occurrence of breast cancer, while antioxidants play a vital role in protecting cells and repairing the damage caused by free radicals. Ihau, an endemic fruit in Kalimantan Island, contains phytochemical compounds with potential antioxidant and anticancer properties. Utilizing local food as natural antioxidants could serve as an alternative for breast cancer prevention and treatment. This study aims to assess the anticancer potential of Ihau fruit extract on the MCF-7 breast cancer cell line. A post-test-only control group design method using the MTT assay was used, with two treatment groups: water and 96% ethanol extract, and four different concentrations (125, 250, 500, and 1000 ppm), and each was replicated three times. Statistical analysis using the ANOVA test found no significant difference among all concentrations. The IC50 values of the cytotoxic activity of water and ethanol extracts were 1,197.7 ppm and 1,148 ppm, respectively. It can be concluded that both water and ethanol extract of Ihau fruit exhibited very weak cytotoxic activity.</p> Irma Sarita Rahmawati Ghina Putri Dyanti Rahma Micho Widyanto Annisa Rizky Maulidiana Wyna Nabila Ratna Chrismiari Purwestri Copyright (c) 2023 2023-07-06 2023-07-06 10 1 59 67 10.21776/ub.ijhn.2023.010.01.7 Association between Stunting in Children Under Five and Types of Food Sources <p>The prevalence of stunting in children under five years old has decreased from 25% in 2013 to 18% in 2019 in The Gambia. The consumption of certain food groups, as part of minimum dietary diversity, serves as a measure of the adequacy of nutrient density for children. This study aims to examine the association between stunted children under five years old and types of food sources, as well as wealth status. Secondary data from The Gambia Demographic and Health Survey 2019-2020 were analyzed, involving 2,533 out of 8,362 children. Logistic regression tests were performed with a 95% confidence interval. Staple foods were identified as the dominant food source for stunted toddlers (p&lt; 0.05; OR = 1.78; 95% CI = 1.436-2.216) and considered a risk factor for stunting. Food intake from more than four food sources (OR = 0.6; 95% CI = 0.403-0.88), place of residence (OR = 0.72; 95% CI = 0.53-0.95), middle wealth status (OR = 0.47; 95% CI = 0.33-0.68), and wealthy household (OR = 0.74; 95% CI = 0.52-1.05) were significantly associated with a reduced likelihood of stunting and considered protective factors. The incidence of stunting is linked to the diversity of food sources given to toddlers. In providing care for stunted toddlers at the community level, stakeholders must consider food diversity, economic capacity, and type of residence.</p> Nur Mufida Wulan Sari Wilis Cahyaning Ayu Trias Mahmudiono Mahmudah Mahmudah RR Soenarnatalina Copyright (c) 2023 2023-07-06 2023-07-06 10 1 12 19 10.21776/ub.ijhn.2023.010.01.2 Organoleptic and Antioxidant Activities of Tomato, Pontianak Orange, and Carrot Juice for Cancer Patients <p>Cancer has become a leading cause of mortality worldwide, with approximately 8.2 million deaths attributed to the disease in 2012. Antioxidants have demonstrated potential in combating cancer, and natural sources rich in vitamins, such as fruits and vegetables, are believed to be beneficial. This study aims to assess the chemical and organoleptic qualities of fruit and vegetable juice (tomatoes, Pontianak oranges, and carrots) as functional food for cancer patients. The study used an experimental design with a Complete Randomized Design (CRD) approach, with distinct processing techniques for each treatment level, and three replications were conducted. Data collection involved hedonic scale tests by 20 panelists to evaluate organoleptic quality, spectrophotometric tests to measure vitamin C levels, and DPPH tests to assess antioxidant activity. The results show that the processing of fruit and vegetable juice does not significantly influence vitamin C levels, aroma, or texture (p = 0.50). However, it has a significant effect on antioxidant levels, color, and taste of the juice (p=0.007).</p> Nur Rahman Khairuddin Khairuddin Ajeng Fasha Shaninditha Ni Putu Ayuningtyas Mirah Pradnya Dewi Ary Dwi Ayu Faradina Copyright (c) 2023 2023-07-06 2023-07-06 10 1 88 97 10.21776/ub.ijhn.2023.010.01.10 Carbohydrate and Fiber Intake on Fasting Blood Glucose Levels In Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus after Intervention of Brown Rice Diet <p>Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia that occurs due to a decrease in insulin secretion by pancreatic beta cells and insulin resistance. One of the pillars in the management of T2DM is medical nutrition therapy in the form of a balanced diet. A good intake of carbohydrates and fiber can help control fasting blood glucose levels of diabetic patients. This study aims to determine the relationship between carbohydrate and fiber intake on fasting blood glucose levels in patients with T2DM after the intervention of brown rice diet. The type used in this study was pre-experimental without control variables and the sample was not selected randomly. The design was one-shot case study by looking at the post-test results. The number of samples was 18 people aged 48–60 years. Data analysis used the Shapiro Wilk normality test and Spearman correlation test. The results showed that most of the respondents had normal carbohydrate intake (88.9%) and all respondents had good fiber intake (100%). Most of the respondents had uncontrolled fasting blood glucose levels (55.6%). There is no relationship between carbohydrate and fiber intake on fasting blood glucose levels after the intervention of a brown rice-based diet menu.</p> Chyntia Cahyawardani Etik Sulistyowati Endang Widajati Copyright (c) 2023 2023-07-06 2023-07-06 10 1 1 11 10.21776/ub.ijhn.2023.010.01.1