STATUS GIZI BERDASARKAN POLA MAKAN ANAK SEKOLAH DASAR DI KECAMATAN RAJEG TANGERANG (NUTRITIONAL STATUS BASED ON PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENT’S DIETARY INTAKE IN RAJEG DISTRICT TANGERANG CITY)

Indah Suci Anzarkusuma, Erry Yudhya Mulyani, Idrus Jus’at, Dudung Angkasa

Abstract


Abstrak

Penduduk yang mengkonsumsi makanan dengan nilai gizi di bawah 70% dari Angka Kecukupan Gizi (AKG) masih tinggi (40,6%) dan banyak dijumpai pada anak usia sekolah (41,2%). Prevalensi anak usia sekolah dengan status gizi kurus di provinsi Banten sebesar 9,5% lebih tinggi dari angka nasional (7,6%). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan status gizi berdasarkan pola makan anak sekolah di Kecamatan Rajeg Tangerang. Penelitian ini bersifat kuantitatif dengan pendekatan cross-sectional. Populasi merupakan anak sekolah dasar di wilayah Kecamatan Rajeg Tangerang. Sampel berjumlah 124 anak. Analisis data dengan menggunakan pengujian statisik dengan uji t tidak berpasangan, one-way ANNOVA dan korelasi Pearson. Sebagian besar responden berjenis kelamin laki-laki (53.2%) dengan rata-rata umur 10 tahun dan berada pada kelas 4 SD (37.9%). Berdasarkan IMT/U didapatkan rata-rata nilai Z-score (-0.4±1.8). Responden yang memiliki frekuensi makan 3 kali dalam sehari sebanyak 53.2%, memiliki kebiasaan sarapan pagi sebanyak (94.4%) dan tidak memiliki kebiasaan membawa bekal makanan sebanyak (79,0%), dengan rata-rata nominal uang saku sebesar (3200±1.400) rupiah. Ada perbedaan status gizi anak berdasarkan frekuensi makan (p<0,05), tidak ada perbedaan status gizi anak berdasarkan jenis kelamin, umur,  nominal uang saku, kebiasaan sarapan pagi dan kebiasaan membawa bekal makanan (p≥0.05). Perlu dilakukan program pembinaan gizi dan pengetahuan kesehatan seperti diadakannya penyuluhan untuk siswa dan pembinaan UKS tentang pentingnya sarapan dan membawa bekal makanan, sanitasi dan makanan jajanan yang sehat

Kata Kunci: Status Gizi, Pola Makan, Anak Sekolah Dasar

 

Abstract

RISKESDAS 2010 showed the prevalence of food consumption below 70% of Recommended Daily Intake (RDI) 2004 was 40.6% while among school-age children was about 41.2 %. The prevalence of underweight (Body-Mass-Index for age = BMI/A) was 7.6%; in Banten province was about 9.5%. This study aims to determine the differences of nutritional status among school aged children in relation to their dietary pattern in a primary school, District of Rajeg, Tangerang, Banten. This is a cross-sectional study. The population is a primary school children, with total respondent of 124 children. Dietary patterns and anthropometric measurements were conducted by trained junior nutritionists. Independent t-test, correlation and one-way Anova were employed to answer research questions. Most of respondent are male (53.2 %) with an average 10 years of age and in mostly in 5th grade (62.1 %). Average value of Z –score BMI/Age was (-0.4 ± 1.8). About 53.2% have 3 meals a day, 94.4 % having breakfast, and if there is no breakfast at home (79%) those students get their pocket money about 3200 ± 1400 rupiah/day. There is a difference OF nutritional status based on the frequency of meals (p< 0.05). There were no difference in nutritional status by sex, age, having breakfast at home, and no correlation with nominal allowances (p ≥ 0.05). Intensive counseling and nutrition education for school children should be given by teacher, especially information regarding the importance of breakfast or habit of bringing food or healthy snack, sanitation and personal hygiene.

Keywords: Nutritional Status, Dietary Pattern, School Aged-children



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