Ibu Berpendidikan Rendah Cenderung Memiliki Anak Lebih Kurus Dibandingkan Ibu dengan Pendidikan Tinggi

Dudung Angkasa, Nadiyah Nadiyah

Abstract


Penguatan pendidikan merupakan salah satu upaya intervensi gizi sensitif yang dapat  mengatasi masalah gizi dan kesehatan (G&K) pada anak. Tingkat pendidikan ayah atau ibu yang lebih berperan dalam G&K anak sekolah menjadi perhatian menarik di penelitian ini. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menguji hubungan antara tingkat pendidikan orang tua dengan status gizi anak sekolah di setting pedesaan. Penelitian potong lintang dengan menggunakan sub sampel (n=212 dari total 330) Projek GISEL. Kuesioner terstruktur digunakan untuk mengumpulkan data tingkat pendidikan orang tua, umur, jumlah anak, dan pengetahuan gizi. Timbangan digital dan microtoise secara berurutan untuk mengukur berat dan tinggi badan. Aplikasi WHO Antroplus digunakan untuk menghasilkan indeks TB/U (Tinggi Badan menurut Umur) dan IMT/U (Indeks Massa Tubuh menurut Umur). Untuk menjawab pertanyaan penelitian dan mendapatkan hasil terkontrol, dilakukan uji regresi linear berganda. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa anak dari ibu berpendidikan <9 tahun cenderung secara bermakna memiliki skor IMT/U 0,800 (95% CI = -1,451; -0,149) lebih rendah dibandingkan anak dari ibu berpendidikan >9 tahun. Tingkat pendidikan ibu berhubungan dengan G&K anak sekolah.

Kata kunci: pendidikan, ibu, anak sekolah, status gizi, pedesaan

Abstract

Strengthening the educational level is one of the nutrition sensitive interventions that contribute to prevent nutrition and health (NAH) problem  among children.Whose education (between mother and father) that affect the school children NAH status is paid high attention in current study. Current study tries toexamine the association between maternal educational level and nutritional status of school children in a rural setting, Tangerang. This cross-sectional study involved a sub-sample (n =212, from a total of 330 samples) of GISEL (GIzi dan keSEhatan sekoLah) project. Structured questionnaires were used to collect parental educational level, ages, number of children and parental’s nutritional knowledge. Digital weighing scale and standard microtoies were used to measured children weight and height, respectively. WHO Antroplus apps was used to produce HAZ (Height-for-age) and BAZ (body mass index -or-age) z score index. To answer research question and produce adjusted association, multiple linear regression analyses were performed. Children with mother educational level <9 years more likely to have 0.800 (95% CI = -1.451; -0.149) lower BAZ z-score than children with mother educational level >9 years. Maternal educational level is associated with school children nutritional status. An increase in women's education levels becomes a sensitive intervention to prevent child nutrition problems in rural areas.

Keywords: education, maternal, school children, nutritional status, rural setting


Keywords


pendidikan; ibu; anak sekolah; status gizi; pedesaan

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21776/ub.ijhn.2019.006.01.6

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