Determinan Durasi Pemberian ASI: Analisis Data Sekunder Survei Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia (SDKI) 2017

Authors

  • Rachma Purwanti Departemen Ilmu Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Diponegoro
  • Desi Nurfita FKM,Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
  • Galuh Chandra Irawan Program Studi Gizi STIK Immanuel Bandung

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.ijhn.2022.009.02.5

Keywords:

pemberian ASI, durasi, dot,, rural/urban area

Abstract

Faktor sosiodemografi, biomedis, dan psikososial mempengaruhi durasi menyusui. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis determinan lama pemberian ASI pada anak usia 24 bulan di Indonesia dengan menggunakan data Survei Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia (SDKI-2017). Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian cross sectional yang menggunakan data sekunder SDKI-2017 dengan sampel anak usia 24 bulan sebanyak 226 subjek. Variabel bebas dalam penelitian ini adalah karakteristik sosiodemografi dan biomedis, sedangkan variabel terikatnya adalah lama menyusui. Pengolahan dan analisis data dilakukan dengan menggunakan IBM SPSS versi 25. Analisis data meliputi analisis univariat, bivariat, dan multivariat. Analisis bivariat menggunakan uji korelasi Spearman (berdasarkan normalitas data) untuk data numerik dan uji Chi-Square untuk data kategorik. Analisis multivariat menggunakan regresi logistik ganda. Variabel yang menjadi prediktor utama lama ASI <24 bulan adalah minum menggunakan botol/dot dan tinggal di perdesaan. Minum per botol merupakan faktor risiko lama ASI <24 bulan dengan OR=4,610 (2,482–8,563). Tinggal di pedesaan merupakan faktor protektif masa menyusui < 24 bulan dengan OR=0,488 (0,272-0,875). Temuan kami menyimpulkan bahwa durasi menyusui diprediksi oleh kebiasaan minum menggunakan botol/dot dan tinggal di pedesaan.

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2022-12-30

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