Asupan Zat Gizi Dan Kadar Hemoglobin Wanita Prakonsepsi Di Kabupaten Semarang

Authors

  • Fillah Fithra Dieny Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medecine, Universitas Diponegoro
  • Annisa Khaira Maadi Program Studi Ilmu Gizi Departemen Ilmu Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Diponegoro
  • Hartanti Sandi Wijayanti Program Studi Ilmu Gizi Departemen Ilmu Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Diponegoro
  • A.Fahmy Arif Tsani Program Studi Ilmu Gizi Departemen Ilmu Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Diponegoro
  • Choirun Nissa Program Studi Ilmu Gizi Departemen Ilmu Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Diponegoro

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.ijhn.2019.006.02.2

Keywords:

Key words, nutrients intake, hemoglobin, preconception women

Abstract

Abstrak

Wanita prakonsepsi yang mengalami anemia berisiko mengalami berbagai masalah saat kehamilan. Salah satu faktor risiko anemia yaitu asupan zat gizi yang tidak adekuat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor asupan zat gizi yang berpengaruh terhadap kadar Hb wanita prakonsepsi. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain  cross-sectional dengan 70 subjek pengantin wanita di KUA Kecamatan Sumowono dan Pringapus, berusia 16-35 tahun, dipilih dengan metode consecutive sampling. Data yang diambil yaitu berat badan, tinggi badan, asupan makan, dan kadar hemoglobin. Data asupan makan diperoleh menggunakan Semi Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (SQ-FFQ). Data kadar Hb diukur menggunakan metode Cyanmethemoglobin. Analisis data menggunakan uji regresi linear sederhana dan regresi linear ganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa prevalensi anemia dan status gizi kurang sebanyak 11,4% dan 15,7%. Asupan energi, protein, vitamin B2, seng, besi dan asam folat tergolong kurang. Asupan energi (p=0,004), protein (p=0,007), zat besi (p=0,009), dan status gizi (p=0,055) merupakan faktor yang mempengaruhi kadar Hb. Faktor yang paling berpengaruh terhadap kadar Hb adalah asupan energi dan status gizi. Kesimpulannya adalah kadar Hb pada wanita prakonsepsi dipengaruhi oleh asupan energi, protein, zat besi dan status gizi. Namun, faktor yang paling berpengaruh adalah asupan energi dan status gizi.

Kata kunci: asupan zat gizi, hemoglobin, wanita prakonsepsi

 

Abstract

 

Preconception women who have anemia are at risk of suffering problems during pregnancy. One of risk factors for anemia is inadequate nutrient intake. This study was aimed to analyze the factors of nutrient intakes that affect the level of Hb in preconception women. This study was conducted by using cross-sectional design study that consisted of 70 brides registered at Office of Religious Affairs in Sumowono and Pringapus Subdistricts, aged 16-35 years selected by consecutive sampling method. Weight, height, food intake, and hemoglobin level were measured. Food intake was obtained by using Semi Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (SQ-FFQ). Hb level was measured by Cyanmethemoglobin method. Simple linear regression and multiple linear regression test were used to analyze the data. The result showed that the prevalence of anemia was 11,4% and prevalence of undernutrition status was 15,7%. Energy intake (p=0,004), protein intake (p=0,007), iron intake (p=0,009), nutritional status (p=0,055) were factors that affected Hb level. The most significant  factors of Hb level were energy intake and nutritional status. The conclussion is Hb level in preconception women was affected by energy, protein, iron intake and nutritional status. However, the most significant factors with Hb level were energy intake and nutritional status.

Keywords: nutrients intake, hemoglobin, preconception women


Author Biography

Fillah Fithra Dieny, Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medecine, Universitas Diponegoro

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Published

2019-12-31

How to Cite

1.
Dieny FF, Maadi AK, Wijayanti HS, Tsani AA, Nissa C. Asupan Zat Gizi Dan Kadar Hemoglobin Wanita Prakonsepsi Di Kabupaten Semarang. IJHN [Internet]. 2019 Dec. 31 [cited 2024 Jun. 19];6(2):70-83. Available from: https://ijhn.ub.ac.id/index.php/ijhn/article/view/324

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