Asupan Zat Gizi Dan Kadar Hemoglobin Wanita Prakonsepsi Di Kabupaten Semarang

Fillah Fithra Dieny


Background : Preconception women who have anemia are at risk of suffering problems during pregnancy. One of risk factors for anemia is inadequate nutrient intake.
Objective : This study was aimed to analyze the factors of nutrient intakes that affect the level of Hb in preconception women.
Method : This study was conducted by using cross-sectional design study that consisted of 70 brides registered at Office of Religious Affairs in Sumowono and Pringapus Subdistricts, aged 16-35 years selected by consecutive sampling method. Weight, height, food intake, and hemoglobin level were measured. Food intake was obtained by using Semi Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (SQ-FFQ). Hb level was measured by Cyanmethemoglobin method. Simple linear regression and multiple linear regression test were used to analyze the data.
Result : Prevalence of anemia was 11,4% and prevalence of undernutrition status was 15,7%. Energy intake (p=0,004), protein intake (p=0,007), iron intake (p=0,009), nutritional status (p=0,055) were factors that affected Hb level. The most significant factors of Hb level were energy intake and nutritional status.
Conclussion : Hb level in preconception women was affected by energy, protein, iron intake and nutritional status. However, the most significant factors with Hb level were energy intake and nutritional status.


Key words: nutrients intake; hemoglobin; preconception women



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