Pengaruh Pemberian Cookies Galohgor terhadap Tingkat Kecukupan dan Status Gizi Bayi

Almira Nuraelah, Katrin Roosita, Ikeu Ekayanti

Abstract


Abstrak

Air susu ibu (ASI) memiliki banyak manfaat dan dapat memenuhi kebutuhan gizi bayi selama periode 6 bulan pertama kehidupan. Produksi ASI pada ibu menyusui dapat ditingkatkan antara lain dengan konsumsi pangan laktogogum. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui pengaruh pemberian cookies Galohgor yang mengandung laktagogum terhadap tingkat kecukupan dan status gizi bayi. Penelitian merupakan studi quasi eksperimental. Subjek penelitian merupakan 20 orang ibu postpartum di Kota Bogor. Subjek yang terpilih dikelompokkan menjadi kelompok kontrol (n=11) yang diberikan 40 g cookies tanpa penambahan galohgor dan kelompok cookies galohgor yang diberikan 40 g cookies yang mengandung galohgor selama 14 hari. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tingkat kecukupan karbohidrat pada kelompok cookies galohgor lebih besar secara signifikan dibandingkan kelompok kontrol (124,9±32,6% vs. 90,8±31,1%, p<0,05). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bb/u terdapat hubungan yang signifikan terhadap tingkat kecukupan energi dan karbohidrat (p>0,05). Sementara itu, hasil penelitian menunjukkan bb/u bayi pada kelompok galohgor secara signifikan lebih besar dibandingkan kelompok kontrol (3415,5±487,9 g vs. 3190±292,8 g, p<0,05). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian cookies galohgor berpengaruh terhadap tingkat kecukupan energi dan karbohidrat serta peningkatan berat bayi menurut umur.

 Kata kunci: berat badan bayi, lactagogum, galohgor, ibu postpartum, tingkat kecukupan bayi

 Abstract

Breast milk has many benefits and fulfills the nutritional needs of infants in the first six months of life. Breast milk production of nursing mother could be boosted by consuming lactagogue. This study aimed to analyze the effect of Galohgor lactagogue cookies (GC) on nutrients adequacy level and nutritional status of infants. A quasi-experiment design was used in this study. Subjects of this study were 20 postpartum mothers in Bogor, West Java. The subjects were grouped into a control group (n = 11) given 40 g of cookies without galohgor and a galohgor cookies group given 40 g cookies containing galohgor for 14 days. The result showed that carbohydrate adequacy level of the galohgor cookies group was significantly higher than that in the control group (124.9 ± 32.6% vs 90.8 ± 31.1%, p<0.05). The results showed that weight-for-age was significantly associated with energy and carbohydrate adequacy levels of infants. The results showed that infant weight-for-age in the galohgor cookies group was significantly higher compared to that in the control group (3415.5 ± 487.9 g vs 3190 ± 292.8 g, p<0.05). These results suggested that galohgor cookies has a beneficial effect on energy intake and carbohydrate sufficiency and improve the weight-for-age of the infant.

Keywords: nutrient adequacy, lactagogue, galohgor, postpartum mothers, weight for age


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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21776/ub.ijhn.2020.007.01.5

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