Exclusive breastfeeding practice and sources of support during COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia


  • Cahya Ayu Agustin 1) Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia – Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia 2) Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization - Regional Centre for Food and Nutrition (SEAMEO RECFON)/Pusat Kajian Gizi Regional (PKGR), Universitas Indonesia
  • Judhiastuty Februhartanty Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization - Regional Centre for Food and Nutrition (SEAMEO RECFON)/Pusat Kajian Gizi Regional (PKGR), Universitas Indonesia
  • Saptawati Bardosono Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia – Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia




COVID-19 pandemic, exclusive breastfeeding, family support, husband support, Indonesia.


In 2018, the national coverage of exclusive breastfeeding among infants aged 0-5 months in Indonesia was still low. The COVID-19 pandemic can be a challenge to increase the coverage of exclusive breastfeeding. This study investigated the association between sources of breastfeeding supports and exclusive breastfeeding practices among mothers with infants aged under 6 months during the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. This study used a cross-sectional study design through an online survey from November 2, 2020, to February 8, 2021. A total of 248 subjects were obtained through convenience sampling. Data analysis was done by bivariate analysis using Chi-square or Fisher’s exact test. Most of the subjects were aged 18-34 years old (90.7%), had higher education level (86.7%), had household income range Rp.3,000,000 – Rp.7,199,999 (39.2%), lived in Java Island (83.1%), had an infant aged ≤ 4 months (76.2%), and had a baby boy (51.2%). The proportion of exclusive breastfeeding was 79.0%. The most common sources of breastfeeding support were obtained from husband (91.1%) and health workers (65.7%), followed by family (62.9%). No significant association was found among all support sources on breastfeeding with exclusive breastfeeding. However, the proportion of exclusive breastfeeding among mothers who received husband support (80.1%) was higher than those who did not (68.2%). The most convenient and feasible breastfeeding supports that mother could obtain during pandemics were home-based supports. Mothers, their husbands, and families should be the priority target for health professionals to provide preventive and promotive breastfeeding intervention.


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How to Cite

Agustin CA, Februhartanty J, Bardosono S. Exclusive breastfeeding practice and sources of support during COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. IJHN [Internet]. 2021 Nov. 29 [cited 2024 Jul. 15];8(2):195-208. Available from: https://ijhn.ub.ac.id/index.php/ijhn/article/view/488




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