Trajektori Pertumbuhan Anak Stunting dan Normal di Indonesia

Ernis Asanti, Drajat Martianto, Dodik Briawan


Globally, linear growth failure is the most common form of childhood malnutrition, with around 165 million children under five are stunting. However, the link between stunting in children with the risk of overweight or obesity at later ages are still debated. This study aimed to analyze the trajectory of BAZ from children to adolescents in children who were stunted and normal. This study was a retrospective cohort study, using secondary data from the Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS) which is a collaboration of RAND and Survey Meter. The subjects in this study were 314 (43.6%) children who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. BAZ trajectory approach used was the Individual Growth Curve (IGC) model. IGC analysis was carried out by Linear Mixed Model procedure using IBM SPSS Statistics version 25. This study indicated that there was a 0.505 (β= -0.505; SE= 0.138; p<0.01) difference in the z-score of BAZ between children who were stunted and normal at the initial measurement. The decreasing of stunted child’s BAZ was 0.078 times smaller (β= -0.078; SE= 0.011; p<0.01), but then the BAZ would increase 0.011 times higher (β= 0.01; SE= 0.002; p<0.01) than the normal children. This study showed that there were differences of BAZ trajectory between stunted and normal children.


BAZ; stunting; trajectory


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