Asupan Serat dan Tekanan Darah WUS Madura Penderita Tekanan Darah Tinggi di Malang (Fiber Intake and Blood Pressure among Madurese People Residing in Malang)

Authors

  • Novita Sari Program Studi Ilmu Gizi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya
  • Widya Rahmawati Program Studi Ilmu Gizi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya
  • Fajar Ari Nugroho Program Studi Ilmu Gizi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya
  • Nia Novita Wirawan Program Studi Ilmu Gizi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.ijhn.2016.003.01.1

Abstract

AbstrakPenelitian sebelumnya menunjukkan bahwa kejadian obesitas sentral pada suku Madura lebih tinggi dibandingkan suku Jawa. Obesitas sentral meningkatkan risiko kejadian penyakit degeneratif seperti tekanan darah tinggi. Menurut Riskesdas, 2013, prevalensi kurang makan buah dan sayur di Jawa Timur adalah 90,5%. Konsumsi rendah serat memiliki risiko menderita hipertensi 4,5 kali lebih besar dibandingkan dengan sampel yang mengkonsumsi serat cukup. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengetahui hubungan asupan serat dan tekanan darah pada Wanita Usia Subur (WUS) dengan tekanan darah tinggi di Kecamatan Kedungkandang. Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Sampel pada penelitian ini adalah WUS usia 19-44 tahun sebanyak 48 orang. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Analisis menggunakan uji korelasi Spearman dengan tingkat kemaknaan 95%. Hasil penelitian didapatkan bahwa tidak terdapat sampel yang asupan seratnya sesuai dengan anjuran. Hasil uji korelasi Spearman, hubungan antara asupan serat dengan tekanan darah sistolik maupun diastolik tidak bermakna secara statistik (p=0,787 ; p=0,521). Dapat disimpulkan bahwa tidak terdapat hubungan bermakna antara asupan serat dengan tekanan darah. Kata kunci : asupan serat, tekanan darah AbstractPrevious research which was conducted in Madurese and Javanese ethnic groups showed that the incidence of central obesity in Madurese ethnic group was higher than the Javanese. Central obesity increases the risk of incidence of degenerative diseases such as high blood pressure. According to Riskesdas, 2013, the prevalence of eating less fruit and vegetables in East Java were about 90.5%. People with low consumption of dietary fiber have a risk of suffering from hypertension, 4.5 times greater than the respondents with enough dietary fiber. The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation of dietary fiber intake with blood pressure in WUS with high blood pressure in Kecamatan Kedungkandang. The design of this study was a descriptive cross sectional analytic approach. Respondents in this study were 19-44 years of age WUS as many as 48 people. Respondents retrieval technique using purposive sampling technique. Analysis using Spearman correlation test with significance level of 95%. The result of the research showed that the respondents did not consume the appropriate dietary fiber intake. Spearman correlation test results, shown the correlation between dietary fiber intake with systolic and diastolic blood pressure were not statistically significant (p = 0.787 ; p = 0.521). It can be concluded that there was no statistical relationship between dietary fiber intake with blood pressure, but there was a trend where more and more dietary fiber intake, the lower the systolic and diastolic blood pressure at WUS with pre hypertension and hypertension.Keywords: dietary fiber intake, blood pressure

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Published

2016-06-30

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