Kepatuhan Diet Berbasis Beras Coklat terhadap Glukosa Darah dan Lemak Tubuh Pasien Diabetes Mellitus

Authors

  • Inggita Kusumastuty Jurusan Gizi FK Universitas Brawijaya
  • Dian Handayani Jurusan Gizi FK Universitas Brawijaya
  • Yeni Intan Kusuma Dewi Affandy Jurusan Gizi FK Universitas Brawijaya
  • Nora Attamimi Jurusan Gizi FK Universitas Brawijaya
  • Alma Maghfirotun Innayah Program Studi Magister Ilmu Biomedik FK Universitas Brawijaya
  • Diah Ayu Puspitasari Jurusan Gizi FK Universitas Brawijaya

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.ijhn.2021.008.02.9

Keywords:

Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2, Beras Coklat, Glukosa Darah Puasa, Lemak Tubuh, Lemak Visceral

Abstract

Beras coklat memiliki kandungan magnesium, serat lebih tinggi dan indeks glikemik lebih rendah dari beras putih, diduga dapat mencegah kenaikan glukosa darah dan menurunkan lemak tubuh. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui hubungan antara kepatuhan diet berbasis beras coklat dengan kadar glukosa darah puasa dan komposisi lemak tubuh pada pasien Diabetes Mellitus (DM) Tipe 2. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian quasi experimental dengan rancangan one group pre test and post test design pada 18 pasien DM Tipe 2 yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi. Responden penelitian diberikan intervensi selama 3 bulan berturut. Pemeriksaan glukosa darah puasa dan komposisi lemak tubuh dilakukan sebelum dan setelah intervensi diberikan. Selama pemberian intervensi diet, 94.4% responden patuh diet. Setelah intervensi diberikan terjadi penurunan kontrol glukosa darah dari kategori buruk sebesar 27.7%, persentase lemak tubuh kategori tinggi sebesar 22.2% dan indeks lemak viseral kategori tinggi sebesar 22.2%, namun tidak terdapat hubungan antara kepatuhan diet dengan glukosa darah puasa, total lemak tubuh dan lemak visceral (p=0.339, p= 0.496, p=0.551, spearman). Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini bahwa pemberian diet berbasis beras coklat pada pasien DM Tipe 2 dapat menurunkan kadar glukosa darah puasa dan komposisi lemak tubuh namun tidak terdapat hubungan antara kepatuhan diet dengan ketiga parameter tersebut.

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2021-11-29

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